Voices of Wisdom: A Multicultural Philosophy Reader, 9th ed. (Links and Library Resources for Ventura College Students)

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Part ONE. Introduction

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Chapter ONE. What Is Philosophy?

A Definition of Philosophy:

1.2. What Is Rationality?

The Complete Works of Chuang Tzu, Tr. Burton Watson:  http://terebess.hu/english/chuangtzu.html

1.3. Reading Philosophy

1.4. Does Philosophy Bake Bread?

BERTRAND RUSSELL: On the Value of Philosophy:

Bertrand Russell, The Problems of Philosophy:  https://www.andrew.cmu.edu/user/jksadegh/A%20Good%20Atheist%20Secularist%20Skeptical%20Book%20Collection/The%20Problems%20of%20Philosophy%20-%20Bertrand%20Russell%20-%20secure.pdf

Full Text PDF available through VC Library Online Resources at ebook Academic Subscription/EBSCOhost.

McMaster University, The Bertrand Russell Archives:  http://www.mcmaster.ca/russdocs/russell.htm

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Chapter TWO. Thinking and Writing Philosophically

2.1. A Little Logic

University of Oxford, Introduction to Logic:  http://logic.philosophy.ox.ac.uk/main.htm

2.2. How to Write Philosophy

UNC, Writing Center:  http://writingcenter.unc.edu/handouts/philosophy/

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Part TWO. Value Theory (Axiology)

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Chapter THREE. How Should One Live?

3.1. Introduction

Bernard Williams

John Kekes

3.2. The Buddha and the Middle Way
THE BUDDHA: The Four Noble Truths

WALPOLA RAHULA: The Fourth Noble Truth

3.3. Confucius and the Life of Virtue
D. C. LAU: Confucius and Moral Character

3.4. Socrates on Living the Examined Life
PLATO: The Apology

3.5. Aristotle on Happiness and the Life of Moderation
ARISTOTLE: Nicomachean Ethics

3.6. The Song of God
VED VYASA: Bhagavad-Gita:

 

3.7. Jesus on the Right Way to Live
JESUS OF NAZARETH: Sermon on the Mount

 

3.8 What is the Meaning of Life?                                                                                          

FYODOR DOSTOYEVSKY: Notes from the Underground

 

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Chapter FOUR. How Can I Know What Is Right?

4.1. Introduction

4.2. Kant and the Categorical Imperative:

IMMANUEL KANT: Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals

4.3. Utilitarianism
JOHN STUART MILL: What Utilitarianism Is

4.4. Virtue Ethics

MARTHA NUSSBAUM: The Virtues

4.5. The Divine Command Theory
AL-ASHARI: The Theology of Al-Ashari

JACK HERNANDEZ: What if? A Dialogue with Job, God, and Socrates

4.6. The Ethic of Care
NEL NODDINGS: Caring

4.7. Moral Relativism
LOUIS P. POJMAN: A Critique of Ethical Relativism

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Chapter FIVE. What Makes a Society Just?

5.1. Introduction

5.2. God and Justice
KHALED ABOU EL FADL: Islam and Democracy

  • Full Text PDF available through VC Library Online Resources at ebook Academic Subscription/EBSCOhost. Search for:  Islam and the Challenge of Democracy, Author: Abou El Fadl, Khaled, Chasman, Deborah, Cohen, Joshua, Date: 2004

5.3. Capitalism and Exploitation
KARL MARX AND FRIEDRICH ENGELS: Manifesto of the Communist Party

5.4. Political Liberalism
JOHN RAWLS: A Theory of Justice

5.5. Our Obligation to the State
PLATO: Crito

5.6. Civil Disobedience
MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.: Letter from Birmingham Jail

5.7. God is Red
VINE DELORIA, JR.: Sacred Places and Moral Responsibility

  • God is Red: A Native View of Religion, Vine Deloria;c1994, Available at Ventura College Main Stacks – Library (BL2776 .D44 1992 )

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Chapter SIX. Is Justice for All Possible?

6.1. Introduction

6.2. Sexism, Racism, and Homophobia

CORNEL WEST: Race Matters

  • Race matters, Cornel West; c1993, Available at Ventura College Main Stacks – Library (E185.615 .W43 1993 )

SUZANNE PHARR: Homophobia as a Weapon of Sexism

6.3. Illegal Immigration
REGINALD WILLIAMS: A Case for Residency

6.4. A Solution to Poverty
PETER SINGER: Our Obligation to the Poor

6.5. Fighting Injustice: 

NELSON MANDELA:  I am Prepared to Die

6.6. Violence
HANNAH ARENDT: On Violence

6.7. Is It Too Late To Save Mother Earth?

BILL MCKIBBEN: Eaarth

6.8. Animal Rights
TOM REGAN: The Case for Animal Rights

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Part THREE. Epistemology

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Chapter SEVEN. Is Knowledge Possible?

7.1. Introduction

7.2. Sufi Mysticism
AL-GHAZALI: Deliverance from Error

7.3. Is Certainty Possible?
RENÉ DESCARTES: Meditations I and II

7.4. Empiricism and Limited Skepticism
DAVID HUME: An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

7.5. Should We Believe Beyond the Evidence?
WILLIAM K. CLIFFORD: The Ethics of Belief

WILLIAM JAMES: The Will to Believe

7.6. Classical Indian Epistemology
JOHN M. KOLLER: Knowledge and Reality

7.7. Feminist Epistemology
ISHANI MAITRA: The Nature of Epistemic Injustice

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Chapter EIGHT. Does Science Tell Us the Whole Truth and Nothing but the Truth?

8.1. Introduction

8.2. How Do We Come to Believe?
CHARLES SANDERS PEIRCE: The Fixation of Belief

8.3. The Growth of Scientific Knowledge
KARL POPPER: Conjectures and Refutations

8.4. Scientific Revolutions
THOMAS S. KUHN: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

8.5. Science and Traditional Thought
KWAME ANTHONY APPIAH: Old Gods, New Worlds

8.6. Feminism and Science
HELEN E. LONGINO: Can There Be a Feminist Science?

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Part FOUR. Metaphysics

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Chapter NINE. What Is Really Real?

9.1. Introduction

9.2. The Dao
LAOZI: Dao De Jing

http://terebess.hu/english/tao/yutang.html

9.3. Platonic Dualism
PLATO: The Republic

http://classics.mit.edu/Plato/republic.html

9.4. Nondualism
SHANKARA: The Crest-Jewel of Discrimination

9.5. Subjective Idealism
GEORGE BERKELEY: The Principles of Human Knowledge

9.6. Time and the Other
EMMANUEL LEVINAS: The Solitude of Existing

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Chapter TEN. Are We Free or Determined?

10.1. Introduction

10.2. We Are Determined
ROBERT BLATCHFORD: Not Guilty

10.3. We Are Free
JEAN-PAUL SARTRE: Existentialism

10.4. Karma and Freedom
SARVEPALLI RADHAKRISHNAN: Karma and Freedom

10.5. WeAre Both Free and Determined

BRUCE N.WALLER: Chanelle, Sabrina, and the Oboe

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Chapter ELEVEN. What Am I? Who Am I?

11.1. Introduction

11.2. You Are Your Mind
RENÉ DESCARTES: Meditation VI

11.3. Are You Are a Computing Machine?
JOHN SEARLE: Chinese Room

11.4. You Are Meat
TERRY BISSON: They’re Made Out of Meat

http://www.terrybisson.com/page6/page6.html

11.5. There Is No Self

THE BUDDHA: False Doctrines about the Soul
The Simile of the Chariot

11.6. Where Am I?
DANIEL DENNETT: Brainstorms

11.7 Social Identity

JORGE F.E. GRACIA: Identities: General and Particular

11.8 Gender Identity

DEIRDRE (DONALD) N. MCCLOSKEY: Crossing

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Chapter TWELVE. Are Religious Claims True?

12.1. Introduction

12.2. Arguments for God’s Existence
ANSELM OF CANTERBURY: The Ontological Argument

THOMAS AQUINAS: The Five Ways

12.3. Can Evil and God Co-Exist?
J. L. MACKIE: Evil and Omnipotence

The philosophy of religion. Basil Mitchell;1971. Available at OXNARD Circulating Book (BL51 .M6553)

12.4. Are Mystical Experiences Evidence for Religious Truth?
GRACE M. JANTZEN: Feminists, Philosophers, and Mystics

12.5. Are All Religions True?
JOHN H. HICK: The Conflicting Truth Claims of Different Religions

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Appendix ONE. GLOSSARY

Appendix TWO. PRONUNCIATION GUIDES – See more at: http://www.cengage.com/search/productOverview.do;jsessionid=33A8E51EB16649044E53392D100DEAAE?N=0&Ntk=P_Isbn13&Ntt=9781111834678&Ntx=mode%2Bmatchallpartial#sthash.FZAGTnWm.dpuf