Voices of Wisdom: A Multicultural Philosophy Reader (Links and Library Resources for Mount St. Mary’s University Students)

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Part ONE. Introduction

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Chapter ONE. What Is Philosophy?

  • A Definition of Philosophy:

Philosophy Pages:  http://www.philosophypages.com/hy/

UNC Philosophy Links:  http://philosophy.unc.edu/graduate/philosophy-links/

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy:  http://www.iep.utm.edu/

1.2. What Is Rationality?

The Complete Works of Chuang Tzu, Tr. Burton Watson:  http://terebess.hu/english/chuangtzu.html

1.3. Reading Philosophy
1.4. Does Philosophy Bake Bread?

BERTRAND RUSSELL: On the Value of Philosophy: http://www.skepdic.com/russell.html

Bertrand Russell, The Problems of Philosophy:  https://www.andrew.cmu.edu/user/jksadegh/A%20Good%20Atheist%20Secularist%20Skeptical%20Book%20Collection/The%20Problems%20of%20Philosophy%20-%20Bertrand%20Russell%20-%20secure.pdf

McMaster University, The Bertrand Russell Archives:  http://www.mcmaster.ca/russdocs/russell.htm

 

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Chapter TWO. Thinking and Writing Philosophically

2.1. A Little Logic

University of Oxford, Introduction to Logic:  http://logic.philosophy.ox.ac.uk/main.htm

2.2. How to Write Philosophy

UNC, Writing Center:  http://writingcenter.unc.edu/handouts/philosophy/

 

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Part TWO. Value Theory (Axiology)

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Chapter THREE. How Should One Live?
3.1. Introduction

Bernard Williams Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy:  https://butterflyweeds.files.wordpress.com/2014/01/bernard_williams_ethics_and_the_limits_of_philosbookos-org.pdf

John Kekes The Morality Of Pluralismhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/2382353?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents, Full Text PDF available through MSMU Library Research Databases

3.2. The Buddha and the Middle Way
THE BUDDHA: The Four Noble Truths

Discourses of the Buddha, Tr: Maurice Walshe:  http://lirs.ru/lib/sutra/Long_Discourses_of_the_Buddha%28Digha_Nikaya%29.Walshe.pdf, http://www.andrew-may.com/zendynamics/thus.htm

WALPOLA RAHULA: The Fourth Noble Truth

What the Buddha Taught: http://site.uwestonline.com/file.php/1/WhatTheBuddhaTaughtRevisedEdition.pdf

3.3. Confucius and the Life of Virtue
D. C. LAU: Confucius and Moral Character

The Analects, Sayings of Confuciushttp://studenthjelp.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/Analects-the-Sayings-of-Confucius.pdf,

3.4. Socrates on Living the Examined Life
PLATO: The Apology

3.5. Aristotle on Happiness and the Life of Moderation
ARISTOTLE: Nicomachean Ethics

http://classics.mit.edu/Aristotle/nicomachaen.html

3.6. The Song of God
VED VYASA:  Bhagavad-Gita:

3.7. What Is the Meaning of Life?
SUSAN WOLF: Meaning in Life:

 

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Chapter FOUR. How Can I Know What Is Right?

4.1. Introduction

4.2. Kant and the Categorical Imperative:

IMMANUEL KANT: Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals

4.3. Utilitarianism
JOHN STUART MILL: What Utilitarianism Is: http://www.utilitarianism.com/mill1.htm

4.4. Revaluation of Values
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/nietzsche/

FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE: Beyond Good and Evil

http://www.gutenberg.org/files/4363/4363-h/4363-h.htm

FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE: On the Genealogy of Morality

http://www.inp.uw.edu.pl/mdsie/Political_Thought/GeneologyofMorals.pdf

4.5. The Divine Command Theory
AL-ASHARI: The Theology of Al-Ashari

http://www.muslimphilosophy.com/ei2/ashari.htm

KAI NIELSEN: Ethics Without God

4.6. The Ethic of Care
VIRGINIA HELD: Justice, Utility, and Care

http://www.iep.utm.edu/care-eth/

4.7. Moral Relativism
LOUIS P. POJMAN: A Critique of Ethical Relativism

 

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Chapter FIVE. What Makes a Society Just?

5.1. Introduction

5.2. God and Justice
KHALED ABOU EL FADL: Islam and Democracy

Full Text PDF available through MSMU Library Research Databases

Search for:  Islam and the Challenge of Democracy, Author: Abou El Fadl, Khaled, Chasman, Deborah, Cohen, Joshua, Date: 2004

5.3. Capitalism and Exploitation
KARL MARX AND FRIEDRICH ENGELS: Manifesto of the Communist Party

Full Text PDF available through MSMU Library Research Databases

https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1848/communist-manifesto/

5.4. The Original Position
JOHN RAWLS: A Theory of Justice

http://www.ohio.edu/people/piccard/entropy/rawls.html

Full Text PDF available through MSMU Library Research Databases http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/rawls/

5.5. Our Obligation to the State
PLATO: Crito

http://classics.mit.edu/Plato/crito.html

5.6. Civil Disobedience
MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR.: Letter from Birmingham Jail

https://kinginstitute.stanford.edu/king-papers/documents/letter-birmingham-jail

5.7. God is Red
VINE DELORIA, JR.: Sacred Places and Moral Responsibility

God is red: a native view of religion Vine Deloria; c1994 Available at Chalon Library Main Stacks – (BL2776 D362G 1975) AND as a PDF in the Online Resources (ProQuest ebrary)

 

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Chapter SIX. Is Justice for All Possible?

6.1. Introduction

6.2. Sexism, Racism, and Homophobia

BELL HOOKS: Ain’t I a Woman

https://hamtramckfreeschool.files.wordpress.com/2014/03/hooks-bell-aint-i-a-woman-black-woman-and-feminism.pdf

CORNEL WEST: Race Matters – Available at Chalon and Doheny Library Main Stacks (E185.615.W43 1993)

SUZANNE PHARR: Homophobia as a Weapon of Sexism

http://suzannepharr.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/2008/01/homophobiaaweaponofsexismcondensed.pdf

6.3. Illegal Immigration
REGINALD WILLIAMS: A Case for Residency

6.4. Globalization and Justice
PETER SINGER: One World: The Ethics of Globalization

Full Text PDF available through MSMU Library Research Databases

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AEcsl7gQchE

6.5. Terrorism and Morality
BAT-AMI BAR ON: Why Terrorism Is Morally Problematic

Available in the Chalon Main Stacks as a chapter in: Feminist ethics / edited by Claudia Card. Lawrence, Kan.: University Press of Kansas, c1991. BD450 .F43 1991

6.6. Philosophy in a Time of Terror
JÜRGEN HABERMAS: Fundamentalism and Terror

http://www.press.uchicago.edu/Misc/Chicago/066649.html

6.7. The Problem of Too Many People
GARRETT HARDIN: The Tragedy of the Commons

http://www.garretthardinsociety.org/articles/art_tragedy_of_the_commons.html

6.8. Animal Rights
TOM REGAN: The Case for Animal Rights

 

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Chapter SEVEN. What Is Aesthetic Value?

7.1. Introduction

7.2. Art as Experience
JOHN DEWEY: Having an Experience https://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/philosophy/works/us/an-experience.htm

7.3. Women and Art
LINDA NOCHLIN: Why Have There Been No Great Women Artists?

http://www.miracosta.edu/home/gfloren/nochlin.htm

7.4. Zen Culture
D. T. SUZUKI: Japanese Culture and Art

Available at Chalon Library Main Stacks (BQ9262.9.J3 S9 1970)

7.5. The End of Art and the Citizen Artist
ARTHUR C. DANTO: After the End of Art

Can be ordered through LINK+ through online Library Resources

EMILY HICKS: The Artist as Citizen

 

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Part THREE. Epistemology

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Chapter EIGHT. Is Knowledge Possible?

8.1. Introduction

8.2. Sufi Mysticism
AL-GHAZALI: Deliverance from Error

http://www.ghazali.org/books/md/gz101.htm

8.3. Is Certainty Possible?
RENÉ DESCARTES: Meditations I and II

8.4. Empiricism and Limited Skepticism
DAVID HUME: An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

http://18th.eserver.org/hume-enquiry.html

8.5. Should We Believe Beyond the Evidence?
WILLIAM K. CLIFFORD: The Ethics of Belief

WILLIAM JAMES: The Will to Believe

8.6. Classical Indian Epistemology
JOHN M. KOLLER: Knowledge and Reality

8.7. Feminist Epistemology
ALESSANDRA TANESINI: The Importance of Standpoint in Feminism

 

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Chapter NINE. Does Science Tell Us the Whole Truth and Nothing but the Truth?

9.1. Introduction

9.2. How Do We Come to Believe?
CHARLES SANDERS PEIRCE: The Fixation of Belief

http://www.peirce.org/writings/p107.html

9.3. The Growth of Scientific Knowledge
KARL POPPER: Conjectures and Refutations

http://worthylab.tamu.edu/Courses_files/Popper_ConjecturesandRefutations.pdf

9.4. Scientific Revolutions
THOMAS S. KUHN: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

9.5. Science and Traditional Thought
KWAME ANTHONY APPIAH: Old Gods, New Worlds

In my father’s house: Africa in the philosophy of culture, New York: oxford University Press, 1992 Available in the Chalon Library Main Stacks (DT352.4.A66 1992)

9.6. Feminism and Science
HELEN E. LONGINO: Can There Be a Feminist Science?

http://www.studiagender.umk.pl/pliki/teksty_longino_can_there_be_a_feminist_science.pdf

 

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Part FOUR. Metaphysics

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Chapter TEN. What Is Really Real?

10.1. Introduction

10.2. The Dao
LAOZI: Dao De Jing

http://terebess.hu/english/tao/yutang.html

10.3. Platonic Dualism
PLATO: The Republic

http://classics.mit.edu/Plato/republic.html

10.4. Nondualism
SHANKARA: The Crest-Jewel of Discrimination

10.5. Subjective Idealism
GEORGE BERKELEY: The Principles of Human Knowledge

http://philosophy.eserver.org/berkeley.html

10.6. Pre-Columbian Cosmologies
JORGE VALADEZ: Pre-Columbian Philosophical Perspectives

10.7. Why Is There Something Rather than Nothing?
MARTIN HEIDEGGER: Introduction to Metaphysics

 

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Chapter ELEVEN. Are We Free or Determined?

11.1. Introduction

11.2. Do We Have Real Choices?
RICHARD TAYLOR: Freedom and Determinism

https://faculty.unlv.edu/jwood/unlv/Articles/TaylorFreeWill.PDF

11.3. We Are Determined
ROBERT BLATCHFORD: Not Guilty

11.4. We Are Free
JEAN-PAUL SARTRE: Existentialism

https://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/sartre/works/exist/sartre.htm

11.5. Karma and Freedom
SARVEPALLI RADHAKRISHNAN: Karma and Freedom

www3.nd.edu/~areimers/Radhakrishnan.docx

11.6. We Are Both Free and Determined
NANCY HOLMSTROM: Firming Up Soft Determinism

http://highered.mheducation.com/sites/007353580x/student_view0/chapter_5/reading_30.html

 

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Chapter TWELVE. What Am I?

12.1. Introduction

12.2. You Are Your Mind
RENÉ DESCARTES: Meditation VI

12.3. You Are an Embodied Self
EVE BROWNING COLE: Body, Mind, and Gender

http://colfa.utsa.edu/philosophy-classics/faculty/browning

12.4. You Are a Computing Machine
BRUCE H. HINRICHS: Computing the Mind

12.5. You Are Not a Machine
JOHN SEARLE: Can Computers Think?

12.6. You Are Meat
TERRY BISSON: They’re Made Out of Meat

http://www.terrybisson.com/page6/page6.html

 

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Chapter THIRTEEN. Who Am I?

13.1. Introduction

13.2. There Is No Self

THE BUDDHA: False Doctrines about the Soul
The Simile of the Chariot

13.3. Down with the Ego
DEREK PARFIT: Divided Minds and the Nature of Persons

http://philpapers.org/archive/PARDMA.pdf13.4. Where Am I?
DANIEL DENNETT: Brainstorms

13.5. Social Identity
GLORIA ANZALDÚA: How to Tame a Wild Tongue

13.6. Gender Identity
DEIRDRE (DONALD) N. MCCLOSKEY: Crossing

http://www.deirdremccloskey.com/gender/dee.php

 

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Chapter FOURTEEN. Are Religious Claims True?

14.1. Introduction

14.2. Arguments for God’s Existence
ANSELM OF CANTERBURY: The Ontological Argument

  1. THOMAS AQUINAS: The Five Ways

14.3. Can Evil and God Co-Exist?
J. L. MACKIE: Evil and Omnipotence

http://www.ditext.com/mackie/evil.html

The philosophy of religion. Basil Mitchell;1971. Available at OXNARD Circulating Book (BL51 .M6553 )

14.4. Unheard Voices of Suffering
JACK HERNANDEZ: Job’s Wife

http://www2.bakersfieldcollege.edu/lhr/1-1/Hernandez.pdf

14.5. Religion and the Subordination of Women
ROSEMARY RUETHER: Is Christianity Misogynist?

14.6. Are All Religions True?
THE DALAI LAMA: The Role of Religion in Modern Society

http://www.prisonmindfulness.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/DiscoveringEthicsAStudyGuideforInmates.pdf

14.7. Are All Religions the Same?
STEPHEN PROTHERO: God Is Not One

Full Text PDF available through VC Library Online Resources at ebook Academic Subscription/EBSCOhost.

 

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Appendix ONE. GLOSSARY

Appendix TWO. PRONUNCIATION GUIDES – See more at: http://www.cengage.com/search/productOverview.do;jsessionid=33A8E51EB16649044E53392D100DEAAE?N=0&Ntk=P_Isbn13&Ntt=9781111834678&Ntx=mode%2Bmatchallpartial#sthash.FZAGTnWm.dpuf